The safety problem should always be taken care when living in a tall building or condominium. Architect Pham Thanh Truyen explained some common questions related to the problem of fire in the apartment.
1. Smoke, fire can spread downstairs?
Catching with the building’s material such as the front of the house, electric wire, partition …, fire can spread downstairs and more intense in the direction of the wind. Although the smoke is often flown up the upper floor but still spread to the downstairs under the electronic pipeline.
2. Why escape exits need 2 layers of doors?
In accordance with the standard, the exit door should have two layers to provide buffer space and a system of pressure to prevent smoke and toxic gas from other rooms spread into the escape stairs.
3. Should I stay in the apartment if my home is on fire?
According to the Independent, the fire brigade advises people living in the apartment as follows:
– If your room appears to fire, immediately exit the room and call for fire.
– If there is any fire, do not open any door that feels hot. All family member should go to a room, close the door and put a wet towel under the door. If you are near a window, open the door to get air and call the firefighters.
This advice is based on the requirement that buildings use good materials to prevent fire from spreading into the home. Doors have to withstand fire for 30 minutes, enough for outsiders to rescue. However, this solution will not be suitable for building that do not comply with the standard.
4. When the fire occur, plaster ceiling is easy to burn?
Plaster ceiling will quickly collapse and endanger life. Therefore, households should use fireproof plaster ceiling to ensure safety.
5. The “safe” equipment such as air conditioner, refrigerators cause a fire?
Any electrical equipment, if short-circuited, can cause a fire or explosion depending on the level. Less dangerous level is the ignition of the plug, the higher level is the device will burn and the more dangerous, the fire will be bigger if the equipment is near fire material.
6. When going to bed, should we open the door?
In addition to ensuring privacy, the closing bedroom’s door will avoiding fire spread if there is trouble. In addition, the resident should also unplug all the electrical equipment, do not burn candles, leave cigarette burnt, and ensure the moving path is clear.
Closing the door will slow the fire down
7. Should a house have one or more circuit breakers?
For the safety and efficient use of each device, each apartment should have multiple circuit breakers and a common one for the whole house. In addition, you should also put a circuit breaker for consuming appliances to power off when the problem occurs.
To avoid short circuits in the home, an electrical engineer in HCMC advises you to:
– Do not let electrical appliances, electrical wiring close to flammable objects such as sponges, cartons, paper, etc.
– Do not let fuses, circuit breakers, power lines rust, because the rust will create heat.
– Do not use bare wire to conduct electricity.
– Do not put electrical wires through carpet or hang on walls because they are made of flammable materials.
– Choose large electrical wire to match the capacity of the electrical equipment so that the wire is not overloaded to burn
– When there is no need to use or when there is a break down, the equipment must be disconnected from the power source (electric cooker, iron, kettle, etc.)
All flamable goods should be away from electrical equipment